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Where Does the Money Come From for Mortgage Loans?

In the olden days, when someone wanted a home loan they walked downtown to the neighborhood bank or savings & loan. If the bank had extra funds lying around and considered you a good credit risk, they would lend you the money from their own funds.

It doesn’t generally work like that anymore. Most of the money for home loans comes from three major institutions:

  • Fannie Mae (FNMA - Federal National Mortgage Association)
  • Freddie Mac (FHLMC - Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
  • Ginnie Mae (GNMA - Government National Mortgage Association)

This is how it works:

You talk to practically any lender and apply for a loan. They do all the processing and verifications and finally, you own the house with a home loan and regular mortgage payments. You might be making payments to the company who originated your loan, or your loan might have been transferred to another institution. The institution where you mail your payments is called the servicer, but most likely they do not own your loan. They are simply servicing your loan for the institution that does own it.

What happens behind the scenes is that your loan got packaged into a pool with a lot of other loans and sold off to one of the three institutions listed above. The servicer of your loan gets a monthly fee from the investor for servicing your loan. This fee is usually only 3/8ths of a percent or so, but the amount adds up. There are companies that service over a billion dollars of home loans and it is a tidy income.

At the same time, whichever institution packaged your loan into the pool for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or Ginnie Mae, has received additional funds with which to make more loans to other borrowers. This is the cycle that allows institutions to lend you money.

What Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, and Fannie Mae may do after they purchase the pools is break them down into smaller increments of $1,000 or so, called mortgage-backed securities. They sell these mortgage-backed securities to individuals or institutions on Wall Street. If you have a 401K or mutual fund, you may even own some. Perhaps you have heard of Ginnie Mae bonds? Those are securities backed by the mortgages on FHA and VA loans.

These bonds are not ownership in your loan specifically, but a piece of ownership in the entire pool of loans, of which your loan is only one among many. By selling the bonds, Ginnie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Fannie Mae obtain new funds to buy new pools so lenders can get more money to lend to new borrowers.

And that is how the cycle works.

So when you make your payment, the servicer gets to keep their tiny part and the majority is passed on to the investor. Then the investor passes on the majority of it to the individual or institutional investor in the mortgage backed securities.

From time to time your loan may be transferred from the company where you have been making your payment to another company. They aren’t selling your loan again, just the right to service your loan.

There are exceptions.

Loans above $333,700 do not conform to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines, which is why they are called non-conforming loans, or “jumbo” loans. These loans are packaged into different pools and sold to different investors, not Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae. Then they are securitized and for the most part, sold as mortgage backed securities as well.

This buying and selling of mortgages and mortgage-backed securities is called mortgage banking, and it is the backbone of the mortgage business.

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Testimonials

11/2018 
 
We bought our Kona home in November 2018 and are so grateful we worked with Lance and Kimi. We started working with them in the spring of 2018, when we visited Kona and Lance took us to see many properties and informed us about microclimates and different neighborhoods. Then we headed backed to Boston and Lance kept in touch with us about listings, the market, and the vog. One time he texted us a picture of a gorgeous clear day, and a few days later he texted a picture of a voggy day, saying he wanted us to see that too - that's the kind of people Lance and Kimi are, honest and upfront. Once we found a home their guidance and hard work were absolutely indispensable to us. Great negotiating skills, responsiveness to our many questions and concerns via text, email and Skype, and through the entire closing process holding our hands and digging up and/or checking all documents with our best interests in mind. There was so much to keep track of and so much we weren't even aware of that needed to be checked, we are beyond grateful that we worked with Lance and Kimi. They are experienced, knowledgeable, efficient, thorough, professional, and kind.
You can't go wrong with Lance and Kimi!

 
Denise & Joe  
2/19/2019
Lance, we love that your client has an agent who cares about them the way you do.
Love the idea of sharing the shifting market guide this way, and love even more your commitment to guiding and advising your clients through the buying/selling process. We are grateful to be your partner! 
Yours truly
Keeping Current Matters 
Charlotte P. H.

8/31/2018
What an outstanding experience we had with Lance Owens and Kimi Nagatoshi!! We gave Lance our thoughts about what we might be looking for in a new home on Hawaii Island and he showed us quite a number of places that fit that description. We hadn't thought we'd actually buy on that trip -- we were really only trying to see what we could afford -- but with what Lance showed us, we ended up putting an offer in after only 3 days of looking. And then Kimi went to work helping us through the entire process of the inspection, counteroffers, and, ultimately, the purchase. It's our dream home and we have both Lance and Kimi to thank! 
Karl and Mary 

Source: Realtor.com

Karl and Mary


8/30/2018
8/17/2018 
7/13/2017
5/22/2017
Lance and Kimi did a fantastic job selling our multiple lots in Kau. We continue to recommend Lance and Kimi to our friends!

Source: realtor.com

Kathy and John C.
5/18/2016 Aloha Lance! Thank you all for your “local kine” support of the Big Island Chocolate Festival this year. It was really very successful and your support helped us keep the ball rolling as we brought tickets in. I will let you know how much was raised for the schools, but wanted you to see this online news story that mentions your sponsorship. Hawaii 24/7 has quite a large readership. Thanks again! http://www.hawaii247.com/2016/05/15/big-island-chocolate-festival-names-top-confections/ Julie Ziemelis-Owner Ziemelis Communications Integrated Communications Expert-PR
2/29/2016 In 15+ years of Hawaii Mortgage Company dealing with thousands of realtors, it is very rare when you come upon agents who really care and love what they do and want to make the transaction as wonderful as possible for all parties involved. Lance and Kimi go above and beyond for their clients and the mortgage professionals (like us!) who they are working with. In a world full of mortgage regulations, Lance and Kimi make sure to keep everyone on track of the timelines to ensure closing on time, which benefits both the sellers and buyers. We are lucky to work with them and look forward to many more transactions together in the future! Maura K. Shannon Manager / Mortgage Loan Originator NMLS #339190 Hawaii Mortgage Company NMLS #232582 443 Portlock Road Honolulu, Hawaii 96825 Tel: 808-988-6622 Fax: 808-988-7722 Maura K. Shannon
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Kona Home Team
 Lance Owens RS-62947 | 808-936-8383 
Kimi Nagatoshi RS-76851 | 808-936-2575
LUVA LLC | RB-21030 | Office ID 2340 | Office 808-769-5111
75-240 Nani Kailua Dr. Suite 8, Kailua Kona, HI 96740